"You're a Poet - Even If You Didn't Know It!"

Lesson 14


Now you have had some experience with many types of poems, used elements of figurative language, and you have practiced "spicing up" your writing with descriptive words. It's time for YOU to try your hand at poetic writing.

It's time to remind you of the four (4) elements of poetry on which you'll concentrate. They are: theme, purpose, form, and mood. The four elements will work together to make a successful poem.





CENTRAL IDEA When you select a theme, this becomes the focus of the whole poem. It is the main idea of the piece and everything in the poem

relates to that idea and reinforces it.


PURPOSE After your theme is selected you must ask yourself three (3)

questions to guide you in the development of your theme.

1. Who is your audience and what do you

want to tell them?

2. What is your theme?

3. How can you support the theme with descriptive



MOOD Three questions will help you decide how the purpose and mood will combine to complete your poem.

1. How do you feel about the theme?

2. Is the theme serious, funny, sad?

3. Are you explaining something?

After your purpose is defined and you recognize your feelings towards the purpose, this will determine the tone or

mood of your poem. What effect do you want your poem

to have on the reader? How can you "flavor" or "figure" your

poem to make it spooky and suspenseful or touching and



FORM After the mood of the poem has been determined, decide

which poetic form you will use to BEST achieve the mood,

fulfills the purpose, and supports the theme that you've determined.


The next four lessons are designed to help you with the elements of poetry, theme, purpose, mood, and form.


Lyrical Lessons